By Kato Sarmiento
June 3, 2022
The call, first posted on April 24, 2022, two weeks ahead of this year’s Philippine National Election, makes a case for the integration of a climate emergency agenda alongside national plans and priorities in anticipation of how a harsher and less predictable climate will exacerbate existing problems in poverty, food security, economic recovery, and disaster mitigation, among others
As of posting, six climate change experts, who have worked closely with decision-makers and key actors in the climate change space, have signed the statement. They are Carlos Primo C. David, PhD; Rodel D. Lasco, PhD; Jose Ramon Villarin, SJ, PhD; Rosa Perez, PhD; Rex Victor O. Cruz, PhD; and Leandro V. Buendia.
All six were previously members of the Philippine Climate Change Commission’s National Panel of Technical Experts (NPTE) and have been involved in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Assessment Reports and Philippine Climate Change Assessment Reports (PhilCCA).
These assessment reports synthesize scientific information from international and local literature in order to provide an assessment of climate change. Each assessment report has three working groups that look into the physical science basis; impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability; and mitigation of climate change.
Aside from providing a summary of why climate change should figure prominently and be regarded as a development priority in national agendas and plans, the statement outlines what prioritization entails. These are (1) integration of climate mitigation and climate adaptation actions in national and local plans or programs, (2) use of future climate change scenarios, and (3) ensuring that all climate-related policies and projects are based on data and scientific evidence.
Further, the statement highlights immediate strategies based on the findings in the PhilCCA, and as reinforced by recent IPCC reports, that may already be implemented to address specific issues, such as food security and farmers’ resilience; health and human security; forest ecosystem services; aquatic resources and the survival of coastal communities; and community resilience to climate and natural hazards.
On food security and farmers’ resilience, among the strategies suggested in the statement include developing accurate forecasting and early warning system, especially for agricultural production, and improving access, particularly of smallholder farmers, to market, post-harvest facilities, crop insurance, and financing.
Water resource management is put forward as a means to address health and human security by reducing the burden of diseases and improving health. Therefore, water conservation, efficiency, and storage are highlighted.
As one of the countries with the richest forest biodiversity in the world, the group recognizes how forest ecosystem services support livelihoods, industries, and a livable environment. “Honest-to-goodness” forest resources and accounting is highlighted, along with the integrated management of forests, rivers, lakes, coastal and marine ecosystems, along with agroecosystems and other managed ecosystems as a means of securing resilience.
With the majority of the population living along the coasts, aquatic resources, and the survival of coastal communities are also underscored. The vulnerability of these resources and communities to sea-level rise, increasing ocean temperatures, and coral bleaching can impact social and economic benefits. The group advocates for strengthening biodiversity conservation and ensuring more sustainable utilization and management of coastal resources.
The group also sees the strict implementation of the ridge-to-reef or watershed ecosystem management approach as a means of keeping communities safe and resilient. Emphasis is also placed on properly designed and strategically placed flood control infrastructure.
The full statement is available at https://bit.ly/PHClimateAgenda2022.
Additional signatories are expected to be added to the statement in the next few days and weeks
ABOUT ELEVENTH HOUR
This article was originally published on The Climate Reality Project Philippines’ weekly column for the Manila Bulletin called Eleventh Hour.
This column serves a digital space to discuss our organization’s work on supporting the country’s just transition into a clean, affordable, and self-sufficient energy system; advancing sustainable urban mobility to highlight the issues of equity and democracy; and raising public awareness about the need to phase out single-use plastics. It also serves as a platform for Pinoy Climate Reality Leaders to share your stories, promote your climate initiatives, and provide critical insights to issues that matter to climate action, environmental protection, and sustainable development.